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Founded 1967 






(USPS 002*970) 

103 Oldtowne Rd. 
Seguin, Texas 78155 


Associate Editor 

Associate Editor 

Contributing Editor 

Director of MUFON 

Humanoid Study Group 

Promotion/Pu blici ty 

Religion and UFOs 


Pro motion/Publicity 

Staff Writer 

Landing Trace Cases 

UFO Propulsion 

Staff Writer 

Editor/Publishers Emeritus 

published by the Mutual UFO Neb 
work, Inc., Seguin, Texas. Member' 
ship/Subscriplion rates: $15.00 per 
year in the U.S.A.; $16.00 foreign. 
Copyright 1982 by the Mutual 
UFO Network. Second class postage 
paid at Seguin, Texas. POST- 
MASTER: Send form 3579 to advise 
change of address to The MUFON 
UFO JOURNAL 103 Oldtowne 
Rd., Seguin, Texas 78155, 


The news that the National Investigations Committee on Aerial 
Phenomena (NICAP) has, in effect been acquired by the Center for 
UFO Studies (CUFOS) is particularly poignant for me as the former 
Assistant director of NICAP. It is welcome news (see my article in this 

MUFON, CUFOS, APRO, CAUS, and the Fund for UFO Research 
(which resists using the acronym FUFOR) increasingly lead the way in 
United States UFO research, constantly developing closer bonds in a 
cooperative effort to tackle the sticky problem of UFOs. This is a 
good trend, considering the state of the economy and the fact that 
money to support UFO research is spread very thin. We look forward 
to further consolidations and mutual cooperation, nationally and inter- 

In this issue 


By Tom Page 


By Richard Hall 



By Greg Long 


By Ann Druffel 


By Brent Raynes 


By John E. Zeller 


By Lucius Farish 


By Walt Andrus 

The contents of The MUFON UFO JOURNAL are determined by the editor, and do 
not necessarily represent the official position of MUFON. Opinions of contributors are 
their own, and do not necessarily reflect those of the editor Ihe staff, or MUFON. Arti- 
cles may be forwarded directly to MUFON. Responses to published articles may be in a 
Letter to the Editor (up to about 400 words) or in a short article (up to about 2,000 
words). Thereafter, the " 50 % rule" is applied; the article author may reply but will be 
allowed half the wordage used in the response; the responder may answer the author 
but will be allowed half the wordage used in the authors reply, etc. All submissions are 
subject to editing for style, clarity, and conciseness. 

Permission is hereby granted to quote from this issue provided not more than 200 
words are quoted from any one article, the author of the article is given credit, and the 
statement "Copyright 1982 by the MUFON UFO JOURNAL, 103 Oldtowne Rd., 
Seguin, Texas" is included. 


By Tom Page 

(MUFON State Section Director) 

(Additional investigation assistance con* ' 
tribuled by }. Alien Hynek and Paul Cemy t 
Western States Director) 

Two different nighttime sightings 
of a similar or the same aerial object 
were made by a young pilot based in 
the Novato, Calif*, area on November 
5, 1980 and August 8, 1981. The first 
took place over the northern portion 
of Lake Berryessa E by NE of Novato 
in Napa County, and approximately 
50 miles due north of Oakland. The 
second, on the night of August 8, 
1981, was encountered near San Luis, 
reservoir in the western section of, 
Merced County, about 45 miles 
southeast of San Jose in the lower bay 
area* Both sightings were at night as 
the young pilot was returning to 
home base in the Novato area from 
charter flights. Both times he was 
alone in a single engine low-wing 
Piper aircraft* 

1 have known the pilot for years* 
He was a student of mine in both the 
8 th and 9 th grades for Ph y s ical 
Science and Earth Science* He was fly- 
ing gliders as a 9th grader and was an 
outstanding student. He now has over 
2,000 hours of flying and is a flight in- 
structor. He wishes to have his name 
withheld because he wants to get a 
job with the airlines and feels that if 
his name is used it will hinder his 
chances of getting a job. He is almost 
20 years of age. 

The pilot is a person of outstanding 
character and I have absolutely no 
reason to disbelieve him. During the 
first interview 1 had an observer, a 
non-believer in UFOs, who stated 
that she believed what the pilot had 

The character of the pilot, the ac- 
celeration changes observed, and the 
unusual appearance of the UFO make 
this an outstanding case* The pilot had 
little knowledge of the UFO phenom- 
ena prior to these experiences, thus 
adding more credibility to the 

unusual characteristics and maneuvers 
that he observed, plus the elec- 
tromagnetic (E-M) effects on his air- 
craft navigation and radio equipment 
in the second sighting. 

Sighting No. 1 

The first encounter took place at 
9:30 p*m. P*S*T* on November 5, 
1980, over the northern part of Lake 
Berryessa ' near Lake Intersection of 
V-S7 flight path (aircraft navigation 
maps)* At the witness's request for 
anonymity, we will call him John 

John was returning from Chico, 
Calif*, from the north on a heading 
almost due south at about 8,000 feet 
and was flying IFR (Instrument Flight 
Rules) even though it was clear all 
around him* There was an overcast 
area off his left wing to the east at 
roughly 12,000 feet* Scanning the sky 
around him for other aircraft, as any 
good pilot does, he spotted a light at 
his 7-.30 o'clock position* He called 
Oakland FAA Center and asked if 
another aircraft was near his position* 
Oakland Center informed him they 
knew of no other aircraft at that loca- 
tion and nothing showed on radar. 
The light seemed to be 3 to 5 miles 

Shortly after the radio exchange 
with Oakland, the light began to in- 
crease in intensity and he realized it 
was rapidly approaching him* It 
moved parallel to his 9:00 o'clock 
position, pacing him off his left wing 
at a distance of about a half mile. It 
stayed there for 15 to 20 seconds dur- 
ing which time Taylor managed to 
get a good look at his. visitor in the 
dark night sky. Taylor did not recall 
seeing the moon out that night, 
possibly due to the partial 12,000 foot 
overcast and his close attention to the 

What he saw was an elongated 
tear-drop-shaped orange glowing ob- 

Dr. Hynek and Pilot Witness 

ject extremely streamlined, smooth, 
and bullet shaped at the nose. The 
rounded nose area was glowing and 
pulsing a vivid orange* The pulse rate 
was once or twice a second. The rest 
of the main body and tapered end 
were a constant glow of a lighter 
orange. The most unusual feature of 
the strange craft was a spinning ring 
of red, blue, and white light that was 
whirling around the main body just 
behind the base area of the bullet 
nose portion, as if it were an almost 
invisible propeller spinning at high 
speed (see sketch). No other details or 
features, such as windows or protru- 
sions were discernible. The ring speed 
would increase as the UFO ac- 

The object then increased in color 
and brightness at the same time 
shooting forward to about 3 miles 
ahead of Taylor's plane at unbe- 
lievable speed* It. then made a tight 
vertical right angle turn without slow- 
ing and shot straight upward at 
tremendous speed, disappearing from 
sight in about 5 seconds. 

During its initial acceleration away 
from Taylor's aircraft, the object went 
through a rapid shape transformation. 
The object changed from its clearly 
defined outline to a glowing bright 

(continued on next pti$t) 


Piper Archer II model that experienced E-M effects 

Ringed UFO, Continued . , 

ball of 'orange light in roughly 3 
seconds before it ascended vertically 
and disappeared. Alongside Taylor's 
plane, the object appeared to be ap- 
proximately 45 feet in length, 15 to 
20 feet in diameter and the whirling 
ring 30-35 feet in diameter. 

Taylor called Oakland Center 
again, briefly describing what he had 
experienced. The Center mentioned 
that they had been getting reports for 
the past few nights from the San Jose 
area, south of his location. The con- 
trollers were curious about the 

Five minutes later, now over the 
southern end of Lake Berryessa, 
Taylor saw the UFO again. This time 
it was at his 6:30 o'clock position. He 
wanted to make sure he was not see- 
ing some kind of reflection, so he 
turned off the, inside and outside 
lights. With the lights off the pilot 
could still see the UFO. He then 
banked the plane to the left and was 
able to see the reflection of the glow- 
ing object on top of the left wing. He 
told Oakland Center the object was 
near him again, and they told him 
they would try to vector other air- 
craft to his position for a confirming 
look at his unusual aerial companion. 

Taylors aircraft and the UFO were 
still in a clear sky area with a 12,000 
foot overcast. The object again shot 
forward going though the same shape 
transformation, passed Taylor's plane 
and again made an instantaneous 90° 
vertical turn, then shot up through 
the overcast. An airliner at 22,000 
feet saw it come up through the over- 
cast, Oakland- Center asked if the 
pilots of the aircraft wanted to make a 
report on the object, both declined to 
ao so. 

Sighting No. 2 

On August 8, 1981 at 2:30 a.m. 
P.D.T. near San Luis reservoir, some 
45 miles airline southeast of San Jose, 
John Taylor saw the same or*a similar 
"ringed" UFO for a second time. 
Taylor again was flying a low-wing 
Piper aircraft .on a .V-107 air - map 
heading toward the northwest. He 
was returning to the Novato area 
north* of San Francisco from a charter 

flight to Palm Springs, Calif. Again he 
was flying IFR, mainly for practice, 
which he often does on his night 

The sky was perfectly clear, the 
first quarter moon had already set 
beyond the horizon. The strange 
"ringed" teardrop UFO showed up 
this time at his 10:30 o'clock position 
as he flew along at an altitude of ap- 
proximately 7,500 feet. He tried to 
ca 1 1 Oakla nd Cen ter to report t he 
presence of the UFO but discovered 
that both communications radios 
were not functioning. A quick check 
showed that both navigation receiv- 
ers were also not working. 

The digital read-out on the DME 
{Distance Measuring Equipment) 
started changing numbers, then went 
blank. Becoming alarmed about all 
this sudden equipment failure Taylor 
then turned a radio switch to "test" 
and turned up the volume in an at- 
tempt to at least hear static noise 
level. There was none on either head- 
phones or speaker. All this time the 
UFO held its 10:30 position ahead 
and off his left wing, estimated from 
one-half to one mile distance.* Con- 
cerned about all the apparent E-M ef- 
fects on the electrical instrumenta- 
tion, it was gratifying to know that 
' , the engine continued to function 

perfectly, without missing a beat. 

At the time, Oakland Center radar 
had the Piper aircraft on their screens, 
before and after the sighting, which 
lasted approximately 5 minutes. Dur- 
ing this time the object would move 
across his path, shoot up, cross over 
his path and down. It would cross his 
path again and repeat the maneuver, 
ft was as if the ringed UFO was mak- 
ing a box in front of him and around 
his path. It would also drift back, then 
shoot forward. 

Taylor maneuvered his plane a 
number of times when the opportun- 
ity came, to get a better and closer 
look at the craft. On one occasion he 
was able to move to within 500 feet. 
This closest approach was made from 
behind and below. He could see the 
spinning ring very clearly at this posi- 
tion, along with its red, blue and 
white colors. The coloring looked like 
a rainbow effect. When he came to 
within 500 feet, the object would pull 
away from him, seemingly sensing his 

Just before the object accelerated, 
the ring would spin faster and almost 
vanish. The orange color of the craft 
would intensify also, especially at the 
nose. The pulsing increased in tempo 

(c&t tinned on next ptigt) 






1 4 

Ring — Red & Blue 
to White 

Spinning ”Ring " — 

of light .<%\ 

Object,-~saae appearance 
Nov S, 1980-Aug 8,1961 





Orange glow. 


< VV'- 


(l)pulsation increases .Ring 
rev's up to incredible speed . 
Object begins to glow bright- 
ly. (2) With increasing speed 
ring begins to vanish . Object 
continues to take on a very 
bright glow * (3) Pulsation is 
absorbed and is replaced by 
overall increase in light . 
Original shape now hard to 



Acceleration cycle 
3 to S Sec. 01 to 4 

iii ,' ; i3 T$K 






fere A: r 

. L .f * • if; ** V.’-Jl'' 

;-** / V 
J ^ - 


see* f4> Object now totally 
unrecogni zable f takes on a 
fireball appearence * Light is 
now very bri ght orange . 

Object now accelerates away 
at tremendous speed, then 
vertical and out of sight * 

Flight path & relative 
position to plane 21-5-80 

Nov 5th 1980 

Vertical flight at 
tremendous speed — 
Object was out of 
sight in 5 seconds 

Instantaneous vertical 
course change-about 3 
miles ahead of aircraft 

3 to 5 seconds 

approx * * 3 Sec * 

* * ■ f 



Directly behind & below 
object at about 500 Ft* 
Excellen t vi ew of ri ng.* 


Good view from 
right side of 
plane-1000 Ft. 

Object paced 
pi ane-r 15-20 sec. 

Posi t ions 

After t the erratic mariuevers 
object now pacing aircraft 
off the ieft wing. Aircraft, 
now manuevered behind and. 
below for closer look • 


By Richard Hall 

(Note: The author was Assistant Director 
and Acting Director of NICAP in the period 
1958-1967 J 

At a Board meeting in January 
1982, the Board of Directors of the 
national investigations Committee on 
Aerial Phenomena (NICAP) resigned 
and a new Board was elected. Sher- 
man Larsen, former president of 
NlCAP's Chicago Affiliate, was 
elected president; Fred Merritt vice- 
president; and John Timmerman 
secretary-treasurer. The move was 
the culmination of a friendly acquisi- 
tion of NICAP, and the new Board 
members all are officers of CUFOS as 

In effect, CUFOS has acquired all 
the assets of NICAP, particularly the 
extensive UFO sighting files which 
will be archived by Mr Larsen and 
ultimately made available to research- 

ers. The new Board has assumed cer- 
tain obligations, including the respon- 
sibility to provide a newsletter or 
publication to the remaining NICAP 
members. NICAP will remain a 
separate corporation at least until 
debts are retired and other financial 
matters are settled, and then its future 
will be decided. It could become a 
subsidiary of CUFOS, or be absorbed 
totally, if not maintained as a separate 

NICAP has a long and colorful 
history. At its peak in the 1960's it 
had approximately 14,000 members 
and was receiving, and investigating, 
more UFO reports each year than the 
Air Force which had official respon- 
sibility for UFO investigation. 
Formed in 1956, a period in which 
UFOs were all but a "dead" issue, 
NICAP achieved national prom- 
inence in 1957 when the Director, 

Ringed UFO/ Continued 

and the object got brighter with each 
pulse. The shape of the UFO would 
gradually be absorbed into what ap- 
peared to be a big ball of fire, all 
within a few seconds. It passed 
through this sequence of changes dur- 
ing the acceleration as it shot forward, 
then again made a vertical 90 degree 
turn straight up and disappeared from 

Taylor now noticed that all his 
radio equipment was again function- 
ing normally. Contact was then made 
with Oakland Center and he learned 
they had been concerned because his 
plane had gone off the radar screens 
during the maneuvering of the UFO 
in front of him. The object itself 
never showed up on the Oakland 
radar scopes, but somehow did block 
his aircraft out at the time. Oakland 
Center was informed about the in- 
truder, but these controllers showed 
no interest, or perhaps no belief in 
what this pilot related to them. 

The radio and navigation equip- 
ment of the aircraft were later 
checked over and found to be in 

perfect working order. No E-M varia- 
tion on the equipment was noticed 
during the sighting regardless of 
various aircraft and UFO positions 
relative to each other. 

Strangely enough, these two sight- 
ings occurred before and after the 
February 1981 rash of sightings of 
glowing red aerial objects seen for 
about a week in the vicinity of the 
San Jose, Calif., airport. This included 
aircraft pacings, one right in the traffic 

The airplanes and equipment in- 
volved in the two sightings were as 

November 5, 1980 — The airplane 
involved was a 1980 Piper Turbo 
Saratoga SP. 1st nav radio was a King 
RNAV KNS80. 1st com radio was a 
King KY 196/1 97 and the 2nd Nav/- 
Gom was a King KX 175B. The flight 
control panel was a KC 200 system. 
No problems were encountered with 
any equipment on the plane during 
this sighting. 

August 8, 1981 — The airplane 
was a 1980 Piper Archer II. The 
equipment was 1st Comm/King 

Maj. Donald E. Keyhoe, USMC 
(Ret.) H acquired the services on its 
Board of such nationally known 
figures as Rear Admiral Delmer S. 
Fahmey, USN (Ret.), former chief of 
Navy guided missiles, and Vice Adm. 
R.H. Hillenkoetter, USN (Ret), 
former Director of the Central In- 
telligence Agency. 

Because of its Washington location, 
NICAP had access to the national 
news media and cultivated many con- 
tacts in Government agencies and in 
Congress. As its reputation grew, 
highly qualified witnesses including 
airline pilots, scientists, and engineers 
began reporting their sightings to 
NICAP and these were used as 
leverage to prove the seriousness of 
the UFO problem to Government of- 
ficials. By the 1960's, contacts in the 
Air Force, State Department, and 
(continued on next page) 

Kyi 96/1 97; 1st Nav, King KN 53 
Loge Indicator 1000; 2nd Comm/Nav 
KX 175B Indicator KI 205 (King). 
Problems occurred with most of this 
equipment during the second 

Dr. J. Allen Hynek, (Center for 
UFO Studies, Director) visiting the 
San Francisco area November 19, 
1981 for a television appearance, also 
interrogated the witness and taped 
the interview. 

Even though this witness was the 
only observer aside from the two 
airline pilots in the one encounter 
who refused to identify themselves, 
his sincerity, honesty, and credibility 
seem unquestionable. 

The unknown object involved was 
described in such detail that it seems 
to exclude any known natural phe- 
nomenon. We believe this witness to 
be truthful in describing the incidents 
as he has. Since he does not wish his 
name used publicly, he is not seeking 
notoriety in any way but felt he 
should report the strange object and 
its unusual behavior to science in- 
vestigators. □ 


NICAP, Continued 

even some intelligence agencies often 
referred UFO cases to NICAP, The 
high caliber information and NICAFs 
reputation for conservatism and 
discretion, in turn, impressed many 
newsmen who increasingly used 
NICAP as a primary news source on 
UFOs, During sighting waves, the 
NICAP office typically was beseiged 
by newsmen. 

After Congressional hearings in 
1966, a long-time NICAP goal, a 
review of the Air Force UFO pro- 
gram was ordered and this ultimately 
took the form of the University of 
Colorado UFO Project headed by Dr, 
Edward U, Condon, Initially, NICAP 
cooperated fully with the Project, 
providing thousands of substantial 
case reports and other information.. 
As it gradually became clear that the 
Project leaders only wanted to be able 
to say that they had NICAP's cases, 
and that they had no intention of 
studying them objectively, NICAP 
withdrew its support and began an alb 
out effort to combat the apparent 
whitewash. In doing so, it nearly 
bankrupted itself and began a slow 

Under Major Keyhoe's leadership, 
NICAP was essentially an action 
organization — not a business — and 
it got definite results. It had formed a 
highly effective national and interna- 
tional investigation and information 
network rivalling that of Air Force in- 
telligence, Administrative documents 
in the Project Blue Book files now 
held in the National Archives include 
plaintive comments about what a 
thorn in the side NICAP was to the 
Air Force, constantly beating Air 
Force investigators to the scene of 
important sightings, conducting thor- 
ough investigations, and publicizing 
the resulb. This often embarrassed 
the Air Force, as did NICAP's na- 
tional publicity disputing Air Force 
findings and negative statements 
about UFOs, 

The negative conclusions of the 
Condon Report, however, dulled 
public interest and NICAP found 
itself fighting an uphill battle merely 
to survive. The board at this stage 
elected to seek a more business- 

oriented management and acquired 
the services of John L, Acuff, an en- 
trepreneur whose business includes 
managing several small associations. 
Initially not very well informed on 
UFOs, Acuff alienated the Affiliate 
and Subcommittee leaders who con- 
stituted the backbone of the organiza- 
tion, and one-by-one they resigned 
and joined APRO, MUFON, or (later) 
CUFOS, He made a conscientious ef- 
fort to reorganize NICAP on a self- 
sustaining basis, but the severe talent 
drain and the general decline in public 
support, as well as the assertion of 
leadership by the other groups, con- 
tributed to the decline. 

During the early 1970's NICAP 
continued to function and to publish 
worthwhile information. Its reputa- 
tion was such that a Pentagon "Deep 
Throat" leaked the now-famous 1976 
Iranian jet-chase case to NICAP, and 
when the New Zealand movie film 
was taken in 1978, it was NICAP that 
New Zealand and Australian in- 
vestigators and newsmen turned to 
for analysis. But these were excep- 
tions, and the other groups now 
dominated both in information- 
gathering and in investigative and 
research talent. 

By about 1976 rumors were afloat 
that NICAP had put out feelers about 
merging with one or more other UFO 
groups, and its declining resources 
were a matter of public record. In 
1972, for example, it sustained a net 
operating loss of $9,928,91 and its 
1973 budget for "general research" 
was $00,00, In 1978 the author par- 
ticipated in extensive discussions and 
negotiations with the NICAP Board 
and was being considered for the post 
of President under a new coalition ar- 
rangement involving CUFOS and 
MUFON, But the negotiations fell 
through and NICAP continued on as 
basically a paper organization for 
three more years. 

The acquisition by CUFOS now 
assures that the valuable NICAP 
sighting files (an estimated 
10,000-15,000 first-hand, investigated 
reports and a large quantity of other 
important information) will be 
preserved for posterity and the data 
will be available to UFO researchers 
at some point. Those of us who 

Maj. Donald E. Keyhoe, USMC 
(Ret.) 1978 photograph, 

worked so hard to compile that UFO 
data base can take pride in the ac- 
complishment, and know that it will 
continue to be a valuable resource, 

NICAP played an important role in 
UFO history; but people made 
NICAP. The remaining viable UFO 
groups provide the current leader- 
ship, and the survival of NICAP as an 
organization is no longer important. 
At one time NICAP was the thin red 
line battling for public awareness 
against total obfuscation of the sub- 
ject, That situation no longer exists. 
CUFOS is to be applauded for its ini- 
tiative and the important action it has 

The new address is: NICAP, P.O. 
Box 607, Lima, OH 45802, 

Letters to. the Editor are invited on 
any aspect of UFO information or 
reporting in the Journal Please restrict 
them to 400 words or less. Other 
responses to published articles may be 
in a "Comment" or "Note" up to 
about 2,000 words or about 6 
manuscript pages (typed, double- 
spaced), On controversial topics, after 
each side has had its say, a "50 % rule" 
is applied and each succeeding com- 
ment is restricted to half the wordage 
of the previous comment. 



By Greg Long 

(© 1981 by Greg Long) 

Yakima Indian Reservation* Locations of lookout stations and UFO 
sightings are indicated, along with major landmarks and population 

The Yakima Indian Reservation in 
south-central Washington State has 
been the location of concentrated 
UFO activity for many years* Since 
1972 W*J* (Bill) Vogel an associate 
with the Center for UFO Studies, has 
documented numerous cases of noc- 
turnal lights and close encounters. 1 2 
Fire lookouts, whose jobs require 
meticulous and cautious observation 
of the 3,500 square miles of Indian 
lands, have had many of these UFO 

Two of these lookouts have 29 
years of seasonal fire-watch ex- 
perience between them* Dorothea 
Sturm, a lookout at Sopelia Tower 
from 1962 to 1965, has served at 
Satus Peak Lookoii t since 1966 * 
Louise Kutz has been relief lookout at 
both stations (except for one year) 
since 1972* Gladys McDaniel, retired 
for many years, served 14 years at 
Signal Peak Lookout and four at 
Sopelia* All three lookouts have 
Yakima Indian lineage* 

The responsibility of fire lookouts 
demands near-constant vigilance* 
"You 're always watching," Sturm told 
me* "When you go off duty, you 
watch* When you go to bed at night, 
you wake up four or five times dur- 
ing the night and look around*" 

Trained and experienced in the use 
of maps, firefinders and knowledge- 
able of landmarks and the telltale 
signs of fires, the lookouts can direct 
firefighters and equipment, including 
helicopters, to fires in the quarter- 
quarter section of a square-mile 
region of land* When a fire is visible 
to more than one station, the lookouts 
"cross-shoot" (triangulate) the source, 
assuring precise location of the fire. In 
addition to observing, the lookouts 
file weather reports twice a day and a 
third report on the wind in early 
evening during the summer months. 

July and August are the months of 
highest fire potential, and Sturm and 

Kutz sometimes have "feelings" of im- 
pending fires* "You don't mess 
around when you get those feelings," 
Sturm said. "You just look with the 
binoculars until the tears almost run 
out of your eyes," Above all, look- 
outs on the Reservation scrutinize 
very carefully any smoke they sight 
before acting. "A lookout always has 
the horror of calling in a fire when it's 
not a fire," Sturm said* 

Not surprisingly, then, when Sturm 
and Kutz sight odd reddish-orange or 
yellowish-orange balls at night float- 
ing in the air at various locations over 
the Reservation, they are puzzled, 
especially since these objects are in 
rugged, unpopulated wilderness ter- 
ritory, Two locations that are 
"favorites" of these balls are in higher 
elevations — the Goat Rocks just out- 
side the northwest corner of the In- 
dian lands; and the buttes and valleys 
west of the timberline that divides the 
Reservation approximately in half 
and north of the Simcoe Mountains 
that form a natural boundary along 

the southern edge of the Reservation 
(see Figure l)* 

Sturm and Kutz usually observe 
these objects between 10 and 20 
seconds* Generally, the lookouts spot 
the balls accidentally while turning 
their heads during watch* Rarely do 
the balls afford long, studied observa- 
tions* Teasingly, the balls go out as if 
a light were switched off before the 
lookouts can use their binoculars. 

"I'm convinced those things know 
when you're talking about them," 
Sturm said, recalling that several 
times when she and Kutz alerted each 
other by radio of the presence of the 
objects near the goat Rocks, the balls 
"went out*" 

In the summer of 1979, Sturm and 
a visitor observed a ball the color of a 
harvest moon hanging stationary on 
the horizon* The object went out in 
less than half a minute* "I don't know 
why but I said, 'Come back, come 
back*' There it was again!" The 

(continued on next page) 


Yakima, Continued 

witness watched the object another 
15 seconds before it vanished perma- 
nently* The balls also seemed to be 
aware of the approach of an outside 
observer during the heavy UFO ac- 
tivity period of 1972 to 1974. 1 

The balls are usually seen in 
August, September, and October. 
Two balls at most are sighted together 
at one time. 

The circles drawn in Figure 2 are 
lookouts' estimated sizes of the balls 
when observed from distances be- 
tween 10 and 30 miles* When closer, t> 
such as amid the buttes north of the 
Simcoes, some balls seem quite large. 
The balls are most often observed 
hovering above the buttes and the 

Recently the balls made a curious 
appearance* At Sopelia Tower on July 
4, 1981 at 10:10 p*m., Kutz was 
observing a lightning storm south of 
the Reservation over the Columbia 
River* She saw a bright, orange light 
hovering above a ridge along the 
river* After 15 seconds, the light went 
out* Soon another light appeared 
slightly west of the first light's posi- 
tion. This too went out* 

At 10:30 p.m* Sturm believed she 
saw a bright orange light southwest of 
her vantage point of Satus Peak and 
north of the Simcoes* Could this be 
the "State" (non -Reservation) fire that 
a third lookout at Signal Peak Look- 
out had reported moments before? 
Looking through binoculars showed 
otherwise. She took an azimuth shot 
before the "fire" went out* Soon a sec- 
ond light appeared, traveling south- 
east to northwest near McKay's Butte* 
It too vanished.. 

The next morning Sturm sighted 
her line of shot and discovered that 
the "fire" had been on Mount Hood, 
70 air miles southwest in northern 
Oregon, But the mountain was snow- 
covered, and snow doesn't burn. 

An ambiguous but tempting rela- 
tionship seems to exist between these 
balls and what seem to the eye to be 
counterfeit "fires*" One dark night 
Gladys McDaniel noticed from Signal 
Peak Lookout a "big blaze" south of 
Mount Rainier near Packwood "strung 
out" along the side of a mountain. The 

fire had the color of flames but didn't 
behave like a fire* Suddenly the fire 
"rolled itself up into a ball" and rose 
up into the air where it hung sta- 
tionary, changing colors from orange 
to yellow, until it "went out like an 
electric light," 

Fires have definite motion — they 
flicker, growing bigger and dying out 
as combustible material is provided 
and consumed* One is prompted to 
theorize that these balls pose as "fires" 
to taunt their observers* Sturm has 
awakened in the middle of the night 
to red "glows" coming from behind 
buttes, to an apparent fire on the 
south slope of Toppenish Mountain 4 
air miles east of her lookout which 
mysteriously disappeared after 5 
minutes -of viewing* McDaniel testi- 
fied to seeing a "burning building" 
that fell apart in flames* Yet when a 
helicopter arrived, the fire was gone, 
leaving no evidence of scorching* 

On the night of July 20, 1974, 
Sturm puzzled over a red glow on the 
bottom slopes of Mount Adams far to 
the west* She watched the glow a 
long time until it went out* Later that 
night a forester called on the radio 
from the valley and said that he had 
seen what looked, like a fire near 
Mount Adams but that it was gone 
when he arrived home* 

Just before 9:00 a.m. weather check 
the next day, Sturm was looking west 
in the direction of Mount Adams, 
wondering what she had seen the 
night before, when suddenly a long, 
light-silver or gray cigar-shaped object 
appeared in flight just west of Mill 
Creek Guard Station, travelling from 
south to north. She grabbed her bin- 
oculars and watched the object dis- 
appear behind Deer Butte 12 miles 
away. The object never appeared on 
the other side* 

Other Oddities 

In addition to hovering orange balls 
and fire-like glows on the ground, the 
Reservation seems to have a unique 
class of phenomena related more to 
light and cloud effects than to objects 
in the "standard" UFO sense* For ex- 
ample, the guard at Mill Creek Guard 
Station saw a "glow" travel overhead 
at night* At another time, Sturm was 

Estimated sizes of UFO 

awakened at Satus Peak Lookout one 
night by a white "glow" so bright that 
the interior of her cabin lit up* A 
roundish cloud, about 12 miles east of 
the station and at 40 degrees eleva- 
tion, was alternately dimming and 
brightening* An indistinct object 
seemed to be behind the cloud. At 
times the cloud intensified more 
brightly than at others. Sturm 
watched the cloud for 30 minutes un- 
til it finally dimmed out into nothing* 
There was no moon that night. 

Lookouts and others on the Reser- 
vation have also observed another od- 
dity. Several times Sturm has seen 
what she can only describe as very 
bright "flashes" or "beams" of light 
come out of or go into canyons or 
groups of trees at night* Once she 
observed from Satus Lookout a 
"white light like a real, real bright 
beam" flash down from the sky at an 
angle and enter Wilson Charley Can- 
yon northwest of Sopelia Lookout* 
The lookout at Sopelia witnessed the 
same phenomenon* At other times, 
Sturm has seen a similar bright flash, 
like the effect of a. "transformer blow- 
ing" (but not as brilliant), come out of 
certain canyons* These sightings 
lasted a split second* 

McDaniel also saw "blue flashes" in 
the sky during her years as a lookout* 
Before the flashes started, the sky 
took on a strange pale-green, misty 
cast and seemed to form a "big cur- 
tain*" Then the Rashes began at 
various places on the "curtain," going 
on and off as if practicing or signaling 
to one another. McDaniel recalled 
observing from Sopelia Tower these 
sky and flash effects occurring east of 
Goldendale (a town 20 miles south of 
the Reservation) and west of the Han- 
ford Project from her vantage point. 
The effects lasted up to 30 minutes, 
and eventually the sky returned to 
normal and the flashes ceased. 
McDaniel has seen lightning of 
various colors, and believes that what 

(continued on next page) 


Yakima, Continued 

she saw was not lightning, strobe 
lights, or the Northern Lights, 

A little after midnight one summer, 
McDaniel thought that lightning had 
awakened her, for something was 
making colorful effects in the sky. 
Stepping just beyond the door of 
Sopelia Tower, she saw a "rocket" 
hanging motionless east of her in a 
clear sky marked by a few small 
clouds. The altitude of the object was 
approximately 1,800 feeL She sur- 
mised later that the object, because of 
its position, could have come out of 
Shenando Canyon, The bottom of the 
rocket was like dull, dark metal and 
was tipped a little, showing a dark 
underside punctured with little holes. 
From these holes a fanlike spray of 
"steam" or "exhaust" poured out in 
red, white, green, and blue colors. But 
something was strange about the ex- 
haust — it sprayed out in separate 
"dashes" or "broken lines," McDaniel 
stood amazed for several minutes, 
thinking how beautiful the colors 
were. Then suddenly, like a "cat 
awakening," the colorful fan extend- 
ed downward and lengthened, a 
"stretching effect" that lasted a sec- 
ond, and then the rocket and the ex- 
haust went out. 

Sturm watched a reddish glow 
behind Simon's Butte one evening 
through the firefinder. "I always rest 
my elbows on the firefinder, which is 
in the center of the lookout to steady 
the binoculars as 1 look through them, 
and look. Then this rocket- thing shot 
up in the air from behind the butte, 
and that was all." 

Twice during the summer of 1981, 
Sturm saw "blue-green" objects like 
meteors traveling at low elevation 
about 10 to 15 degrees above the 
horizon. She insisted they weren't 
meteors because of their excessively 
slow speed. 

Sturm saw orange balls — much 
smaller than those spotted elsewhere 
on the Reservation — bounding along 
a ridge north of Fort Simcoe. 
McDaniel witnessed from Signal Peak 
Lookout similar balls about the size of 
ping-pong balls bounding along the 
ground on Satus Peak and along Top- 
penish Ridge. Sky conditions were 

' Not Just a Light" 

Sturm's cigar-shaped object and 
McDaniel's "rocket" suggest "craft" of 
some kind. On September 29, 1978, 
Louise Kutz witnessed an event that 
in her mind was clearly distinct from 
the generally short-lived nocturnal 
light phenomena that she is so 
familiar with. In her words, taped on 
October 3, 1978: "I have really and 
truly for the first time seen something 
other than these fast-traveling white 
lights, l mean something 1 really saw 
and know was there, I mean some- 
thing apart from just a light." 

At 11:00 p.m. Kutz turned the 
television off at Satus Peak Lookout, 
prepared for bed, and while stepping 
to the fridge for a glass of water, 
glanced through the west windows 
and noticed a bright, orange ish light 
similar to a cars distant headlight, but 
twinkling, in the direction of Goat 
Rocks, The object was much bigger 
and brighter than a star. She sat down 
on a bench in front of the heater, and 
bracing her arms, looked at the object 
through 7 x 50 binoculars. Without 
them, she held up her finger and 
sighted along it to see if the object 
was moving. Satisfied it wasn't, Kutz 
closely studied the object which was 
an oblong-shaped solid light. 

She noticed, however, that in the 
middle of the light various multi- 
colored lights having all the hues of 
the rainbow swelled and surged. 
These lights were extremely beautiful 
and Kutz exclaimed out loud in awe. 
Later she would compare the lights to 
a "fountain spilling out." She watched 
the pulsating lights for about 45 
seconds; then everything faded away. 

Wondering if, she would see any- 
thing else, she kept looking at the 
same spot through the binoculars. 
The night was starlit although not 
bright — the moon was not out For 
the first time, she noticed a few long, 
flat, thin clouds above the horizon of 
the Goat Rocks, Haze prevalent in the 
west earlier in the day had moved 
north and east of Satus Peak, leaving 
the west clear except for these clouds. 

Two or three seconds passed, and a 
glow lit the underside of the clouds, 
and Kutz 's eyes were drawn almost 
simultaneously to a black space some 

distance beneath the clouds where 
she saw "an illuminated row of square 
windows," The windows, three to 
five in number, were not lit them- 
selves; rather, illumination seemed to 
be falling on the "casings," outlining 
the shapes of the windows and com- 
ing from solid light that appeared to 
be on the opposite ends of each win- 
dow, The windows at the far ends of 
the row seemed "fuzzed out," Kutz 
later compared the brightness of the 
windows to that of an illuminated 
clock at night. 

In a few seconds, the windows 
faded out, and the original oblong 
light reappeared with its surging 
lights, Kutz wanted to radio someone 
but thought that if she did the light 
would go out After about 5 minutes, 
the lights dimmed out, and a line of 
individual red lights "flipped on" 
from right to left. After about 4 
seconds, everything went totally 
dark, and a single green and red light 
started toward her from where the 
UFO had been. Through binoculars 
Kutz observed no object attached to 
the lights, and she went outside on 
the catwalk and watched the lights 
pass north of her. One or two white 
lights appeared at the "back" of the 
object. None of the lights blinked. 
The object moved at "a pretty good 
clip," and she could hear a faint 
motor. She watched the lights pass 
over Highway 97, and went inside 
the lookout cabin without watching 
them further, 

"I came in, and I couldn't go to 
sleep," she testified, "1 went over it 
step by step in my mind, and since 
then I've sat there and said, 'Louise, 
you didn't see what you saw. You just 
think you saw what you saw.' "Total 
sighting time — about 15 minutes. 
During this time, the UFO never 

What was the object that passed 
north of her7 The UFO itself? An ob- 
ject from the UFO? A plane from the 
vicinity of the UFO? Whatever the 
object was near the Goat Rocks, it 
was big, Kutz estimated, given her 
distance from the object, the size of 
the oblong light and the windows, 
and the distance between the win- 

(continued on next page) 


Yakima, Continued 

dows and the illuminated clouds far 
above it. 

Bill Vogel determined that no Air 
Force refueling planes, often UFO im- 
posters, were present in the vicinity. 
A few nights Jater, Sturm witnessed 
through binoculars from Satus Peak 
Lookout a row of square lights, like 
"train windows/' float by between 
two buttes. Illuminated from the in- 
side; the lights went behind a butte 
and never came out. 

Other Strange Things 

Dorothea Sturm's first UFO 
sighting occurred between 1962 and 
1965. While at Sopelia Tower, Sturm 
brought along her younger daughter 
who slept on a cot near a window. 
One night her daughter insisted again 
and again that she "Look at the thing 
up in the skyf" Losing her patience, 
Sturm finally stepped to the south 
window and observed a "light- 
colored light" like a star traveling 
back and forth from west to east and 
east to west high above the Columbia 
River/ stopping each time before 
resuming its flight, until after 2 or 5 
minutes, the object vanished "like 
turning out a light." 

On June 22; 1981, about 9:35 p.m., 
Sturm was sitting at the table at Satus 
Peak Lookout and looking north. She 
suddenly saw a large, bright white 
light float down from the southeast 
and enter a small, thin, dark cloud 
that was hanging over Ahtanum 
Ridge or Yakima. The light never 
came out. It should have, Sturm at- 
tested, since the cloud wasn't very 
big. The object wasn't traveling as fast 
as a meteor. 3 

While at Signal Peak Lookout one 
night, McDaniel noticed a light, like a 
"street light/' sparkling through the 
leaves of a tree and positioned over 
Cedar Valley to the south. She decid- 
ed to signal the unusual light with her 
flashlight. When she did, a red-orange 
ball the size of a basketball came from 
the direction of Cedar Valley, circled 
the cabin once, and connected with or 
entered the . light, whereupon both 

In October 1979 late on a dark 
evening, a "high-pitched whine" or a 

"shrill" sound passed over the top of 
Satus Peak Lookout, its duration that 
of a car passing a house out on the 
highway. Both Strum and Kutz heard 
the sound; it was definitely not the 
wind or an aircraft. Kutz has heard a 
sound several times that she can only 
describe as "happy little voices' sing- 
ing" in the distance near Satus Peak 
Lookout. She reasons that the sound 
could be the result of atmospheric 
conditions. Years ago, three other 
lookouts, including Larry George/ 
heard a "woman screaming" near the 
station. One lookout walked down 
the road and called; no one respond- 

Sturm, Kutz, and other lookouts 
have heard "underground sounds" or 
"rumblings" like the sound of an old 
logging truck pulling up a hill and 
never getting to the top. The sounds 
seem to come from deep within the 
ground. Two Washington State geol- 
ogists who visited Sturm on Satus 
Peak testified to hearing similar 
sounds in the mountains of Montana. 
They offered no explanation. 

Two times at Satus, Sturm smelled 
an "awful odor" like a "stinky 
hogpen" pervading the air. One 
morning she heard a noise like a 
"scream" or "holler" down in the can- 
yon. Kutz has detected a sickening, 
awful, pungent odor (not that of a 
dead animal) at the same station. "I 
can't say I do or don't believe in 
Bigfoot," Sturm cautioned. "I just 
don't know." 

A part poodle and terrier dog that 
often stays with the lookouts at Satus 
Peak has inexplicably whined appre- 
hensively while sleeping at the top of 
the stairs. The dog is normally placid. 
A visitor's pet chihuahua went 
around a corner of the Satus Peak 
road one day and mysteriously 
vanished in broad daylight without a 
sound or trace of struggle. 


Sturm and Kutz laughed at the 
memory of some embarrassing mis- 
identified fires and UFOs. Kutz once 
interpreted the effect of distant water 
sprinklers spraying water as smoke. 
The sun and moon shining through 
clouds have given the appearance of 

UFOs. Another time, Sturm and Kutz 
were sure that a UFO had landed 
when they saw a beam of light shin- 
ing up over the edge of Satus Peak. 
They ventured a look and discovered 
an electrical repair truck with ' its 
spotlight on; its occupant had come to 
work oh the microwave station. One 
evening Kutz had an overpowering 
conviction that UFOs would make an 
appearance. They did — as the 
Northern Lights. 

Such reactions are normal in a set- 
ting where even seasoned observers 
can often be fooled by the vagaries of 
nature, and where UFOs have made 
so many appearances that a general 
(and understandable) anticipation of 
their "arrival" becomes second nature' 
to the observers as each year they 
eagerly begin a new fire-watch 

Yet Sturm and Kutz know full well 
the tricks of atmospheric distortion, 
the characteristics of astronomical 
bodies, and the familiar configura- 
tions of aircraft lights and the 
behavior of manmade craft. Interac- 
tions of sunlight with smoke or haze 
can lend a reddish or orangeish cast to 
planets or stars, which requires a sec- 
ond look to distinguish these from the 
orange-red balls over the Reservation. 
Extra-bright planets call for careful 
discrimination, and Sturm and Kutz 
separate the green and red lights, 
strobe lights, blinking lights, and the 
flight patterns of aircraft from noctur- 
nal lights. Neither lookout has any 
idea what the objects on the Reserva- 
tion are. They simply want to know. 
Lousie Kutz said: "I want to get to the 
answer. You know, fear of the 
unknown is worse than fear of the 

All three lookouts have observed 
ball lightning on the Reservation, the 
most likely candidate, if any, for the 
mysterious reddish-orange balls. But 
the ball lightning they have seen has 
always been associated with lightning 
storms, unlike the fleeting UFO balls 
they have witnessed. Lightning bolts 
"drill" into the ground, spewing up 
red-hot plasma like spray from a 
disturbed pond; These balls of various 

(continued on ntxi page) 



Paranormal Borderlands of Science, 
edited by Kendrick Frazier (Buffalo, 
NY: Prometheus Books, 1931), 469 
pp,, $12.95 paper 

A survey of the paranormal and 
“fringe science," ranging from psychic 
trickery to astrological claims, con- 
sisting of 47 articles from the quarter- 
ly The Skeptical Inquirer, Most of the 
articles are hard-nosed investigations 
testing claims and checking facts. 

The section on UFOs includes an 
article by James Oberg debunking 
UFO claims by astronauts and a short 
Oberg piece showing that a National 
Enquirer UFO report was clearly a 
returning satellite, David L Simpson's 
criticism of the poor quality of the in- 
vestigation by UFO organizations of a 
staged “UFO hoax" in England, An- 
thony Standen s note on 'The Seman- 
tics of UFOs/' and two pieces by 
Philip J. Klass, 

Yakima, Continued 

sizes bounce along the ground and 

dissipate in seconds, ' 

When a visitor, then, to Yakima In- 
dian Reservation eliminates usual 
identified flying objects (IFOs) from 
consideration as UFO imposters, what 
is he to make of this rich UFO 

Perhaps a game is being played, 
and a “message" being “sent," Harley 
Rutledge, Chairman of the Physics 
Department at Southeast Missouri 
State University, gradually lost his 
skepticism about UFO existence dun 
ing several years of field observation 
of the phenomenon. He concluded 
that more was involved during his 
(and fellow colleagues') active 
research than “measurement of 
phys ical properties o f UFOs by 
dispassionate observers, A relation- 
ship, a cognizance, between us and 
the UFO intelligence evolved. In my 
opinion, this additional consideration 
is more important than 1 the measure- 
ments or establishing that the phe- 
nomenon exists," 5 

Do the reddish-orange balls pur- 
posely vanish before binoculars are 
brought to bear on them, and at the 


During the fourth quarter of 1981, 
the Fund for UFO Research disbursed 
$1,500 as the first installment on an 
intensive study of a group of abduc- 
tion reports. The study is being con- 
ducted by Ted Bloecher, Budd 
Hopkins, and Dr, Aphrodite Clamar, 
In addition, $200 was awarded to 
Stanton T, Friedman for a search of 
recently declassified government 
records and $100 to Leonard H. 
Stringfield to assist with telephone ex- 
penses in his crash/retrieval report in- 

At the January 29 Executive Com- 
mittee meeting. Chairman Bruce S, 

Of special interest elsewhere in the 
book is Ernest Taves' review of Ray- 
mond E, Fowler's The Andreasson Af- 
fair , criticizing Fowler for "a failure to 
ask obvious questions," such as not 
exploring the sexual symbolism of 
Betty Andreasson's story as a possible 
explanation, — Robert Wanderer 

instant lookouts alert each other of 
their presence over the radio? Was it 
coincidence that the ball reappeared 
when Sturm pleaded for it to Come 

What were the chances that Sturm 
would see the cigar-shaped object she 
did the day after she had observed a 
red glow on Mount Adams — and 
while at the same time wondering 
what she had seen the preceding 

Sturm told me that on the evening 
she saw apparent "train windows" 
(and only a few days after Kutz's 
similar observation), she (Sturm) had 
been watching through binoculars all 
day, “I don't know why, but some 
days you spend all day with the 
binoculars looking around," she said. 
Did the "train windows" take "advan- 
tage" of Sturm's behavior and inten- 
tionally appear in her field of view, 
thus making sure she got a "good 

Are the UFOs having “fun" at the 
lookouts' expense by posing as 

How long would the starlike object 
over the Columbia River have con- 
tinued to make its methodical hor- 
izontal passage if Sturm had not gone 

Maccabee reported that the national 
board now has approved three addi- 
tional grants for (1) an analysis of 
Spanish physical trace cases, (2) a 
compilation and astronomical analysis 
of pre-1947 UFO sightings, and (3) 
research, compilation, and analysis of 
the 1896-97 "airship" reports. Unfor- 
tunately, if all three projects were 
funded in full, it would seriously 
deplete the Fund's resources. There- 
fore, the Executive Committee is 
negotiating with the grantees to make 
phased payments that would allow 
them to get the projects underway, 

Tom Benson has completed a slide 
presentation and accompanying text 
for an educational UFO program that 
can be used widely for lectures to ser- 
vice groups and other public au- 
diences. After some review and possi- 
ble revision, the package probably 
will be available later this year under 
terms yet to be decided. The Fund 
granted Mr, Benson $578,56, in- 
cluding some unanticipated expenses, 
in February, 

to the window? How long would it 
have "performed" for her daughter? 
Was the UFO “performing" for other 

And finally, if in some cases a 
"cognizance" occurs between a UFO 
and the percipient, what is being 
"known" — by either party? 


1. Long. Greg, "Yakima Indian Reservation 
Sightings," MUFON UFO }ounwi. No. 166, 
Dec. 1981, 

2. Vogel, WJ. "UFGs on the Yakima Indian 
Reservation " Center for UFO Studies ButteHn, 
Spring 1981, 

3. One night Bill Vogel observed from the out- 

skirts of White Swan a moving, bright orange 
Light that split into two lights which subse- 
quently went out. Shortly afterwards, a fast* 
moving pinpoint of white light suddenly 
descended from the sky and approached a 
trailer park situated between himself and Satus 
Peak, Vogel momentarily took his eyes off the 
light. When he looked again, the white light 
was gone. In its place was a white, phosphores* 
cent glowing cloud. The cloud began moving. 
As it did, it began dissipating, leaving 
phosphorescence behind, which eventually 
disappeared. (Personal conversation, August 
1981), ' 

4. Long, Greg. "Memories of a Lookout: UFOs 
on the Yakima Indian Reservation/" MUFON 
UFO journal (to be published). 

5. Rutledge, Harley, Ph.D. Prcjtri Idtntifieation, 
The First Scientific Field Study of UFO Phenomena. 
(N.J.: FYentice-Hall, 1981), p. 232. 

By Ann Druffel 

“Mistakes” in UFO Contacts 

"Mistakes' by alleged UFO in- 
telligences are not commonly 
reported. If we are to judge by 
thousands of close encounter reports 
made by reliable and reasonable 
human witnesses all over the world, 
we could assume that UFO in- 
telligences (whoever or whatever 
they may be) accomplish their con* 
tacts with perfect planning, unswerv- 
ing purpose, and unmatchable skill. In 
other words, "they" know what they 
are doing and do it flawlessly. 

Once in a while, however a 
witness is convinced that the close ap* 
proach by a UFO is a "mistake" by its 
occupants. Two of these alleged 
"mistakes" have come to my attention 
during the past 7 years. The first, sur- 
facing in 1976, was a curiosity to me. 
I had never heard of "mistakes" made 
by UFO beings, but since the 
reported- case came from an extreme- 
ly perceptive witness, I published it in 
the literature. 1 Now, as of this date of 
writing (Dec. 20, 1981) another al- 
leged "mistake" has been reported by 
what seems to be a reliable and equal* 
ly intelligent witness. 

It would be interesting to see if 
these two cases have any aspects in 
common, // mistakes are being made 
by some UFO beings during interac- 
tion with the human race, these 
mistakes can provide clues about 
motive and purpose of UFOs, equally 
as much as "perfect" contacts can. 

The first mistake referred to above 
was published in The Tujunga Canyon 
Contacts. For the purposes of at- 
tempted correlation and also for the 
benefit of those readers who may not 
yet have seen this book/ { will 
reiterate the essential facts of this 
unusual case. 

According to the two women per* 
cipients. . Emily Cronin and Jan 
Whitley/ who were at the time of the 
sighting residing in the Tujunga Can* 

yons area of California, they were 
returning late at night in the spring of 
1956 from a vacation trip at Lake 
Isabella, Calif. They were driving 
along the Ridge Route (Highway 99), 
which is a winding highway through 
the mountains from Bakersfield. This ' 
route is much traveled even at night 
by trucks transporting goods between 
the widespread cities of California 
and neighboring states. The head- 
lights of the numerous trucks began 
to hurt Jan's eyes as she drove. Seeing 
a wide rest stop, they pulled off the 
highway and went to sleep in their 
car, intending to continue their 
journey home when the traffic 
thinned out. 

Some time later, Emily was abrupt- 
ly awakened from sleep by a bright 
yellow-white light shining in the left 
rear window of the car. She assumed 
it was a trucker pulling off the 
highway, but to her surprise^ she 
found herself unable to move. She'd 
gone to sleep lying on the passenger 
side of the front seat, while Jan was 
sleeping sitting behind the steering 
wheel, her head resting on the win- 
dow beside her. Emily heard a loud, 
whirring sound somewhat like an 
electric, generator. Its. piercing tone 
seemed somehow related to her inex- 
plicable paralysis. Then she felt the 
car being shaken from side to side and 
received an impression that a large, 
dark humanoid shape was on the left 
rear of the car looking in at her 
5-year-old son who lay sleeping on 
the back seat. 

Jan also saw the bright light and 
was aware of total paralysis 
presumably produced by a high pierc- 
ing noise. She also felt the car shake. 
This state of affairs continued for 
some minutes; then suddenly the 
noise and bright light vanished and 
the shaking stopped. The two wit* 
nesses were then able to move. 

Without a word, Jan roared the car in- 
to life and sped down the mountain. 
Neither she nor Emily spoke until 
they had negotiated the winding road 
and were near a familiar restaurant at 
the base of the mountain. Then they 
began to talk excitedly, exchanging 
information about what they had 
seen and felt. They concluded that 
they had both experienced the same 
things, but the episode remained 
totally inexplicable for many years. 

Hypnotic regression was per- 
formed on both witnesses in 1976 
when the case came to researchers' at- 
tention many years later. Jan was 
unable to achieve a sufficiently deep 
hypnotic state to recall any clear pic- 
ture of what might- have happened. 
Emily, however, proved to be an ex- 
cellent subject and during a session on 
March 24, 1976 with W. C McCall, 
M.D,, relived the experience in all its 
terror and mystery. During the recall 
of memories, she received a very 
strong impression that a "mistake" 
had been made and almost shouted 
this fact out to the investigators pres- 

Later, in debriefing, Emily clarified 
this unusual statement. She felt con- 
vinced that three humanoids, tall and 
black-garbed, had parked a large, 
lighted craft farther back in the rest 
stop and one of them had approached 
the car. He looked in the rear left win- 
dow of the automobile, and had 
shaken the car from side to side, for 
what reason Emily could not discern. 
She did find herself somehow 
"tapped" into their telepathic com- 
munication and discerned that the 
humanoid's two companions stood 
some distance from the car, calling 
(mentally?) to their companion and 
urging him to leave because a 
"mistake" had been made.. They 

(continued on next page) 


California Report, Continued 

repeatedly told the inquisitive one 
that they must continue on to their 
proper destination. Eventually the 
curious humanoid left the car and re- 
joined his fellows. 

These were the essential factors on 
a "mistaken" contact with in- 
telligences from an unknown source. 
The case remained, to my know- 
ledge, the only "mistake" reported in 
UFO literature until Dec. 19, 1981, 
when Ms. C. W. 4 of Orange County, 
Calif., contacted me, asking for help 
with a difficult situation. 

According to Ms. W„ her eyes had 
been rather severely injured during 
an encounter with a very bright 
"shape" which appeared in her 
bedroom in May 1981. She was 
awakened abruptly from a sound 
sleep and, for a fraction of a second, 
glimpsed a very bright orange glow- 
ing object standing across the room 
near her closet. The shape was not 
really solid, but more "cloud-like" in 
nature, but it was oval, about 7 feet 
tall and 3 feet wide. Ms. W. obtained 
these dimensions by comparing the 
object's size to the nearby bedroom 

The cloud vanished almost instan- 
taneously after Ms. W. opened her 
eyes. She was surprised and intrigued, 
but felt no fear. She had trained 
herself in metaphysical techniques 
and instantly went into a meditative 
state, receiving the information that 
the appearance of the cloud-like ob- 
ject had been a "mistake." Her 
meditation also yielded information 
that the cloud had intelligence of 
some sort in or about it, and she in- 
stinctively linked it to UFOs. 
Although she is not particularly 
knowledgeable about UFOs, she had 
viewed a documentary on the subject 
that same evening before retiring. She 
feels that the object was some sort of 
UFOIogical phenomenon but has no 
opinion as to whether it was an actual 
entity, a craft-like manifestation, or 

She deliberately continued medita- 
tion immediately after the incident, 
asking if she could be permitted con- 
tact with the intelligence, but re- 
ceived the answer that she was not 

"developed" enough to pursue the 
question further. She felt warned that 
she would be unable to determine or 
distinguish between "good" entities 
and "evil" entities involved in UFO 
activity. She was convinced, how- 
ever, the intelligence who had mis- 
takenly appeared in her room was 
essentially benevolent. 

Ms. W., upon arising, found her 
face severely reddened and her eyes 
bloodshot and painful, as if from a 
bad sunburn. The next day small 
blisters formed all over her face, but 
this cleared within a few days. She of- 
fers additional witnesses to confirm 
the damage to her face and eyes. Her 
eyes did not improve, however. She 
has gone to several doctors who con- 
firm conjuntivitis and tissue damage 
with various tentative diagnoses from 
allergies to infections. Her father, a 
chemical engineer, was of the opinion 
that she had somehow received radia- 
tion bums, but the doctors she con- 
sulted did not seem to understand or 
accept her statements regarding the 
apparent source of her problem. 

At the time she contacted me, her 
eyes seemed infected as though with 
a bacterial infection, which she sur- 
mises began because of the initial 
damage and sensitization of the eye 
tissues, I referred her to Richard M. 
Neal, Jr., M.D., a Los Angeles physi- 
cian who is conducting in-depth phys- 
iological/psychological research on 
alleged injuries stemming from close 
encounters, and she was also put in 
touch with other CE-1TI witnesses in 
this area who claim eye injury 
resulting from close UFO approaches. 

Since these are the only two cases 
in my extensive experience where 
mention of a "mistake" on the part of 
alleged UFO entities has surfaced, I 
was curious to see if any correlative 
factors were possible. The following 
aspects of each case seem similar: 

X. In both cases the witnesses were 

2. In both cases the witnesses were 
asleep just before contact, and abrupt- 
ly awakened. 

3. Both cases involved bright light 

4. Both lights were inadequately 
perceived — the first bemuse the 
witnesses, being paralyzed, were 

prevented from looking at the light 
directly, and the second because the 
light vanished after a fraction of a sec- 
ond s direct viewing. 

5, In both cases, the witnesses were 
metaphysically inclined, regularly 
used meditative techniques, and re- 
ceived information about the nature 
of the occurrence during altered states 
of consciousness. 

6. In both cases, the apparent In- 
telligences were benevolent or at least 
non -malevolent 

What the above possible correla- 
tions mean [ cannot conclude. What 
the nature of the "mistakes" were is 
equally tenuous. We have only the 
impressions of the witnesses to give 
us clues. In the first case, Emily 
Cronin felt that the humanoid had ac- 
quiesced to its companions' urging to 
stop exploring the car at the rest stop. 
Then, when the humanoid's investiga- 
tion continued overlong, the other 
two entities decided that they had 
made a "mistake" in agreeing to stop 
and at that point began to urge their 
colleague to come along. It was my 
own suggestion, however, that the 
entities might have stopped to check 
out Jan and Emily's car because Jan 
had been involved in another CE-III 
with another young woman, Sara 
Shaw, 4 in a Tujunga Canyon cabin in 
May 1953, scarcely 3 years before. 
Sara's hypnotic regression, in 1975, 
yielded the information that Sara (and 
also Jan?) had been "marked" by 
black-garbed aliens who examined 
the two witnesses aboard a Saturn- 
shaped UFO. This "marking," accord- 
ing to Sara, was partially for the pur- 
pose of "tracking," somewhat as 
animals are tracked by wildlife re- 

Had the black-garbed aliens, in the 
spring of 1 956, stopped to investigate 
Jan's car and found her companion to 
be not Sara, but Emily? Had they 
therefore determined that a "mistake" 
had been made and so went on their 
way? In searching for a logical reason 
why a "mistake" was made, a wide 
number of speculative answers could 
be surmised. 

The nature of the "mistake" involv- 
ing Ms. W. is likewise tenuous, but 

(continued on next page) 



UFO logy has become a rather 
selective and specialized interpretive 
process that seeks scientific ter- 
minology that provides a "nuts and 
bolts' definition and sanctioning. 
From our present cultural standpoint, 
such interpretation provides a reassur- 
ing sense of definitional control and 
certainty over the situation if we can 
associate its various components with 
hypothetical notions that properly 
correspond to our common sense and 

California Report, Continued 

the witness was left with the impres- 
sion that it was a mistake in judgment 
on the part of the manifesting in- 
telligence. She received something on 
the order of an "apology," although it 
was nothing like an apology in human 
terms. We can only speculate that the 
intelligence was apologizing for in- 
advertent harm done to Ms. W/s face 
and eyes, since this seemed to be the 
only unpleasant consequence of the 

Therefore, tentatively, we might 
suggest that the "mistakes" in both 
cases were errors in judgment, rather 
than in technology (such as the al- 
leged saucer crashes being extensive- 
ly researched by several investigators 
seem to be). 

// mistakes in judgment are being 
made during UFO contacts with 
humans, it would be well worth our 
time to study these cases. Any readers 
or researchers who have heard of 
other reports involving "mistakes" of 
this sort are invited to correspond 
with this writer at 257 Sycamore 
Glen, Pasadena, CA 911.05, U.S.A. 


1 . In Thr Thih t Con it i<(s r jointly 
authored by Ann Druffel and D, Scott Rogo 
(Nj: Prentice-Hall, I960), $9.95. 

2. Book, available through publisher and also 
through the Center for UFO Studies, UFO In- 
formation, P.O. Box 1 402, Evanston, 1L 60204, 
price $1 1 .45 including mailing costs. 

3. Pseudonym used lo preserve witnesses' 

4. Pseudonym to protect identity of witness. 

5. Drnffel and Rogo, ap. ric, for extensive 
documentation and study of this 1953 case. 

By Brent Raynes 

science. The theory that an advanced 
extraterrestrial technology is visiting 
earth is, understandably enough, a 
very appealing intellectual exercise 
for modern, technological man. It is a 
perfect buffer against the despairs of 
uncertainty and ambiguity that 
modem man so despises and fears. 
The unknown, therefore, can be 
reconciled and accepted by man only 
once it has donned the suitable, condi- 
tioned appearances of something 
known and familiar. 

There was a time when science 
disregarded accounts of stones falling 
from out of the sky and labelled such 
stories as "old wives' tales." Thomas 
Jefferson, back in 1801, reportedly 
declared that he would sooner believe 
that two Yankee professors had lied 
than to give any credence to such ac- 
counts. Galileo, unable to fit comets 
into his cosmology, outrageously sug- 
gested that the reports were at- 
tributable to reflections of hazes that 
rise up from the earth and into the 
sky "higher than the moon." The first 
known military inquiry into UFOs 
goes back to Japan in 1235 A.D„ 
when one General' Yoritsume and his 
men observed strange lights perform- 
ing various maneuvers in the sky. He 
promptly ordered an investigation 
and soon his experts had determined 
that the lights had only been stars 
swaying about in the sky from the 
force of the windl 

Most reluctantly we sometimes 
come to terms with the truth only 
when it has become manifestly ob- 
vious and can no longer be disre* 
garded. Such is the case with modern 
astronomy and the accumulating 
evidence supporting what has 
become known as the expanding- 
universe or big-bang theory. Accord- 
ing to this concept, our galaxy, along 
with neighboring galaxies, resulted 
from a stupendous explosion of 
hydrogen gases perhaps some 20 
billion years ago. "I would like to re- 
ject the big-bang theory, but I have to 
face the facts," an M.I,T. astronomer 
stated. Previous to the big-bang 

theory most astronomers seemed to 
prefer the steady-state theory, which 
gave our universe an eternal quality. 
No less than Albert Einstein was 
among those who resisted the 
evidence for the big-bang theory in 
emotional language. 

I hope 1 have made my point as to 
the fallibility of human reason 
molded by. existing cultural forces of 
whatever particular epoch he may be 
a part of. In this vein, I will now pro* 
ceed to explore an area of my own 
UFO-related studies that contradicts 
the notions held by hard-line "nuts 
and bolts" traditionalists in the UFO 
field, offering my brief digression in- 
to the subjective powers of human 
assumption as justification for my 
straying into an admitted realm of 
subjective, paranormal experience. 

"What if they (the UFOnauts) 
know the secret of life and death?," 
ponders Mrs. Shirley Fickett of 
Ellsworth, Maine. "Suppose there is 
an etheric plane that we. go to after 
death, and the aliens know this plane 

For Mrs. Fickett such speculation is 
not idle whimsy. Back in 1969, she 
experienced a peculiar series of * 
psychic situations. .It seemed as 
though some alien intelligence was 
"training" her in "astral projection." 
During this time there were episodes 
in which it seemed that the spirit of 
her deceased father was trying to 
communicate with her. On one occa- 
sion as she was partially leaving her 
body, she saw an entity of very odd 
appearance in her bedroom. It stood 
roughly 4 feet high, she felt that it 
was male, and it had a coconut-shaped 
head with two slits for eyes and a tiny 
slit around where the nose would be, 
but there appeared to be no mouth. 

All of this high strangeness reached 
a climactic point on December 8, 
1969, when Mrs, Fickett left her 
physical body and astrally, it seems, 
went to a house several blocks away 
(she was residing in Portland, Maine, 

(continued on next piige) 


"Soul Ships?" Continued 

at the time) where she saw a man, 
whom she realized was .the spirit of 
her father, embracing a young boy 
unfamiliar to her. Then her "astral 
body" was quickly transported back 
to her physical body, whereupon the 
"astral" of the boy appeared in her 
bedroom, "l held my physical hand 
out in acceptance to receive him, or 
let him know I did," Mrs, Fickett 
states, "He then vanished." 

It was not long afterwards that 
Mrs, Fickett feels she discovered who 
the boy was. In a casual conversation 
she had with a stranger, she learned 
that he believed that his son was ex- 
periencing psychic phenomena. As it 
turned out, this was the boy Mrs, 
Fickett had encountered astrally. 
Though she at first felt that the situa- 
tion was of a strictly religious context, 
the boy's description in November 
1972 of a beam of light striking him 
and pinning him down in his bed 
drew her attention to the UFO aspect, * 
During the experience, he claimed 
that there was a high frequency noise 
in the air and that the hands of his 
electric clock spun wildly around. 
Not long after Mrs, Fickett had 
documented this episode in her files 
she read the account of Uri Celler 
published in Psychic magazine, describ- 
ing how Geller had allegedly been 
struck by a beam originating from a 
UFO. shortly after his third birthday. 
Recognizing the similarities, Mrs. 
Fickett began considering the poten- 
tial implications of it all. 

The notion that mysterious aerial 
objects may be. connected with an 
afterlife is actually an ancient concept. 
So-called "soul ships" cruise the night 
skies, according to the old legends, 
picking up the souls of the recently 
departed. Today millions embrace as 
true the Biblical accounts of how Jesus 
Christ was bodily resurrected after 
death. The Bible describes how Christ 
was "taken up" and disappeared into a 
"cloud," and relates how He will one 
day return "in like manner" from the 
sky (Acts 1:11). 

Modem man critically , views the 
situation from a psychological orien- * 
tation. Back in 1959, the late Swiss 
psychiatrist, Dr. Carl G, Jung, wrote a 

scholarly book. Flying Saucers: A 
Modem Myth of Things Sttn in the Skies . 
In it He soberly cautions his readers 
that despite the technological era in 
which we live UFO appearances may 
make people feel uneasy because the 
old notions that such things are 
portents of a "great dying" still have a 
foothold on us. 

In 1969, Merton Haskell of Paler- 
mo, Maine, described to me how as a 
young boy, back in the early 1930s, 
he and his parents, on about a dozen 
separate occasions and over about a 
2-year period, observed mysterious 
pulsating balls of light, generally the 
size of a "ten quart water pail." His 
mother, who has since passed away, 
verified the story for me as well. 

'The last time anyone ever saw it 
was the night my grandfather died 
and it was sighted by my father on a 
stone wall, a line between our farm 
and the next," Haskell explained, 
"This was the closest it ever got to our 
property. It was never seen by 
anyone after that," 

More recently, in 1978, S,W. 
Pierce, a respected businessman in 
Waynesboro, Tennessee, described 
for me how as a young man living in 
Lauderdale County, Alabama, he was 
walking alone one night along a rural 
country road when he saw a "fiery 
red" ball of light hovering a few feet 
above the roof of a house. "It looked 
bigger than a regular basketball," he 
recalled* The next day he learned that 
a baby, suffering from some illness, 
had died in that very same house 
around the time he had observed the 
inexplicable apparition. 

For centuries there, have been 
stories about luminous apparitions 
associated with deaths. In recent 
years, a number of qualified medical 
researchers have investigated these 
accounts. In Life After Life , the author. 
Dr. Raymond A. Moody, Jr*, M.D., 
explains that near-death percipients 
typically describe the appearance of a 
light. At first the light, which usually 
only the percipient perceives, is dim, 
but gradually it grows brighter until 
becoming brilliant. Usually it is a pure 
white light and the percipient 
describes an out-of-body experience 
in which he is drawn towards the 
light, like a magnet, which turns out 

to be an entity — a mysterious "being 
of light*" Robert Anton Wilson 
describes in his book. Cosmic Trigger , 
The Final Secret of the Illuminati, how 
while receiving apparent telepathic 
communications from UFOnauts 
back in 1973-74, he also encountered 
these astral "being of light" appari- 
tions. He remarked how his entities 
compared to those perceived by near- 
death percipients. 

Are we splitting fine semantic hairs 
in our assignments of rigidly special* 
ized categories and definitions? Can 
we really comprehend the causes 
when we've not yet really correlated 
and compared all of the symptoms? 

On the night of January 6, 1976, 
three women from Liberty, Ken- 
tucky, shared in an extraordinary 
UFO experience* It was Mona Staf- 
ford's thirty-sixth birthday, and 
Louise Smith and Elaine Thomas ac- 
companied her to the Redwood 
restaurant in Lancaster, some 30 miles 
northeast, to celebrate the occasion. 
As they were returning, at about 
11:30 p.m„ along route 78, their car 
was paced by a huge domed, disc- 
shaped object. Smith, who was driv- 
ing, suddenly found that the car was 
out of her control, and with her foot 
removed from the gas pedal it was ac- 
celerating up to 85 miles per hour! 
Then the next conscious realization 
the women shared they were arriving 
in Hustonville, with no memory of 
having driven over an 8-mile stretch 
of road, and with approximately 80 
minutes of time not accountable* 
Weeks later, under hypnosis, the 
women recalled how the car had been 
levitated by a brilliant blue beam into 
the UFO* Onboard the craft the 
women were then forced to submit to 
apparent physical examination and 
testing * . * some of which was ap- 
parently most unpleasant* 

On September 26, 1978, Elaine 
Thomas died of a heart attack. On 
Tuesday, October 23, 1979, while 
engaged in a long-distance telephone 
conversation with Ohio UFOIogist 
Jerry Black, one of the principal in- 
vestigators on this case, he explained 
to me That he had just been down to 
Kentucky, 3 days before our tele- T 

1 ' (continued on next page) 

16 . 


By John E. Zeller 

* - (MUFON Field Investigator) 

"Soul Ships?" Continued 

phone conversation, doing more 
follow-up on the case* While there he 
had again spoken with Mona Stafford 
who told him that while Elaine had 
been in the hospital, suffering chest 
pains, that a nurse and a woman pa- 
tient had witnessed 'light beams shin- 
ing in the. window" and a single light 
"bouncing off the walls and ceiling." 
Allegedly Elaine Thomas told the two 
women not to be frightened, that it 
was just the UFO entities, and a few 
hours later she passed away* 

"They are from the planet Orion 
and are coming to take me away," a 
12-year*old boy in New Jersey, dying 
of a brain tumor, reportedly declared 
when a mysterious light had mater- 
ialized above his bed. When in New 
Jersey, back in April 1977, 1 had the 
good fortune of meeting one of the 
witnesses to the strange light that ap- 
peared over the boy's bed on another 
occasion. The boy was having a con- 
vulsive seizure and my informant and 
another man looked after the boy as a 
nurse left the room to call a doctor* 
As they stood with concern by the 
boy's bedside a luminous bar of light 
appeared over the bed* "It started as a 
minor light blue light, became 
brighter blue, and then turned white," 
he recalled* 'Throughout all of this 
time, even with the white light, it 
didn't show any brilliance on the walk 
It then diminished in a blue and went 
out again, and by that time he had 

The boy's father was celebrated 
UFO contactee Howard Menger, 

Essentially, much of the UFO 
message appears to be a symbolical 
one, with considerable emphasis 
focused on a death/rebirth theme. A 
Canadian newsletter devoted to al- 
leged telepathic communications re- 
ceived from UFOnauts, printed this 
message: "There is no reason to go 
back, through the life-death cycle 
again if you but listen to your own 
salvation, to step into the light,, and 
blend evenly with this light/' 

In Raymond E* Fowler's The An* 
drtasson Affair, Massachusetts, 
housewife Betty Andreasson is 
regressed under hypnosis to recall 
details that had for some reason 
become repressed regarding a UFO/ 

Government located ap- 
proximately 50 miles southeast of 
Portland, Oregon, on Highway 26 at 
about 4,000 elevation on the south 
slope of Mt* Hood. About 2,000 feet 
higher up is Timberline Lodge, con- 
nected by a steep 6-mile stretch of' 
road, in a popular ski area. 

About 8:00 p,m* on Sept,. 7, 1981, 
Bob Marshall of Government Camp 
stopped across from Chuck Coufal-s 
service station after sighting an object 
moving from SW to NE toward Mt, 
Hood at about 1,000 feet altitude* He 
alerted people at the service station, 
and they attempted to watch it with 
binoculars. The UFO moved very 
slowly over the trees to a point near 
Timberline Lodge, then turned to the 
SE, now appearing football -shaped, 
and disappeared behind trees* 

Marshall called a friend, George 
Brady, at the Lodge and learned that 
he had been watching three lights 
maneuver in the valley below when 
the call came. They had been per- 
forming extraordinary maneuvers* 
After hanging up, he went out on the 

entity encounter in 1967, Under hyp- 
nosis she described how she was 
ushered into the presence of a huge 
bird, resembling an eagle, perhaps 15 
feet tall, and how an intense fire 
reduced the big bird to a pile of ashes, 
then a large gray worm emerged 
from out of the ashes. In Fowler's 
research he discovered that Mrs* An- 
dreasson's vision had much in com- 
mon with the symbolic death and 
rebirth of the ancient Egyptian 
Phoenix. The Phoenix of legend was 
also reduced to ashes by fire and then 
emerged as a worm, from which a 
new Phoenix would grow: 

Whether literal or psychological, 
physical or visionary, the UFO ex- 
perience often produces psychic reac- 
tions similar to those of persons who 
have experienced "cosmic . con- 
sciousness," This complex aspect 
needs h to be carefully studied and : 
should be of tremendous interest and 
concern to social scientists. 

balcony and saw a disc-shaped object 
apparently within a mile and about 
35-40 feet in diameter. It had a 
rotating red and yellow light on top. 
The lights in the valley below also 
were yellow and red, and moved 
slowly except for sudden bursts of 
speed much faster than a helicopter as 
they, seemed to "Hug" the terrain 

At the service station below. 
Chuck .Coufal was very busy when 
Marshall crossed the road and pointed 
out the object, and he first thought it 
was a blimp. But then he realized it 
was something unfamiliar. Coufal, 31, 
had been in a demolition unit in the 
Army and claimed to have a good 
perception of sizes and distances. He 
described the UFO as'saucer-shaped, 
150 feet in diameter, 50 feet in depth, 
with a vertical "wall" about 10 feet 
wide separating the top and bottom 
halves. He judged the closest 
distances to be 300 yards away and 
200 feet above the ground* 

Coufal thought the UFO was mov- 
ing about 10 mph steadily, with no 
wobble* It appeared smooth and 
metallic and its only light came from 
the setting sun. He wondered if there 
was some connection with hunters' 
reports that deer known to be in the 
area were gone. Afterwards, he saw a 
military jet fighter over the area of 
the sighting* 

Elaine Haggerty, another witness at 
the station, thought the UFO had a 
slight wobble. She described it as 
silver, metallic appearing with a pale 
yellow glow around it, not reflected 
light from the sun, and said it sudden- 
ly moved off at unbelievable speed 
— faster than anything she had ever 
seen. She noticed that other motorists 
pulling into the station. were asking if 
anyone there had seem what they had 
seen. One motorist also said he had 
just seen a large herd'of deer crossing 
the highway* 

Three days later Bob Marshall's 
wife, Gwen, was looking out alarge 

(continued on page 19) 


Director's Message, Continued 

discount from the prices in his 

We hope that space will be 
devoted each month in the 'Director's 
Message" to ideas and suggestions for 
our members so that they may be bet- 
ter qualified to represent MUFON 
and aim at becoming professionals in 
UFO logy- Public Relations will be 
discussed this month, touching upon 
different areas. 

1. Newspapers, Since there are 
more small-town daily and weekly 
newspapers than large city metro- 
politan publications. State Section 
Directors, Field Investigators- and 
Research Specialists should start in 
this area first, not only for the ex- 
perience, but also because they will 
find these editors to be more recep- 
tive to UFOs, Visit and cultivate the 
friendship of these editors, so that 
you may develop a two-way com- 
munication, whereby they will print 
UFO sighting reports and also refer 
sightings to you for investigation. In 
the larger cities, make an appoint- 
ment to visit with the City Editor, 
leaving your name, address, and 
telephone number, and emphasize the 
fact that you represent the Mutual 
UFO Network, It is important that 
you establish your credibility with 
these editors, because it is only in this 
manner that they will make referrals 
to you and seek your advice on 
reports via the wire services, 

2. Radio and Television. Basically, 
the same steps are taken to get ac- 
quainted with the news directors, pro- 
gram directors, and news commen- 
tators at radio and television stations 
as newspapers, since they are all 
essential parts of the news media. 
Take advantage of the numerous 
radio talk programs by calling the 
host, especially if the subject is related 
to UFOs or if it is an "open session" 
where any subject is invited for 
discussion. Volunteer to participate as 
a guest on one of the talk programs, 
provided that you are prepared with 
the latest information on current 
sightings and have a good back- 
ground on the more important past 
cases, so that you may "field" ques- 

tions. Appearing as a guest represent- 
ing the Mutual UFO Network is a 
challenge, but not as difficult as it 
may seem at first glance. As a serious 
UFO investigator or researcher, your 
knowledge of the UFO phenomenon 
far exceeds that of the average person 
that will pose questions. Thus, you 
have a distinct advantage in providing 
intelligent answers to their questions. 
If you do not know the answer to a 
question or specific case brought up, 
do not hesitate to say so, but suggest 
that the person leave his name and 
telephone number with the station 
operator so you may call and answer 
the question "off-the-air." 

3. Wire Services. In the larger cities 
and metropolitan areas, get to know 
the representatives of the major wire 
services such as Associated Press 
(AP), United Press International (UPI), 
as well as the many syndicated ser- 
vices such as the New York Times 
Service, Washington Post Service, 
and Los Angeles Times Service. They 
usually rent office space from a large 
newspaper in your community, so are 
readily accessible to MUFON people. 

4. Speakers Bureau. Church 
groups, schools, service clubs, youth 
groups, colleges and universities are 
always interested in securing speakers 
for their meetings, and the subject of 
UFOs is very popular, in order to be 
available to accept invitations to 
speak, prepare one or more speeches 
and/or slide-illustrated lectures. 

In all of your public appearances, 
invite the audience to share their 
UFO experiences with you in private, 
since this is a never-ending source of 
reports. Be constantly on the alert for 
volunteers to become involved in 
UFO investigations, research, and 
particularly knowledgeable people 
from industry and the academic com- 
munity who will consider becoming 
Consultants in their specific field of 

Utilize the newspapers and radio 
stations to announce the dates, times, 
and locations of local UFO study 
group meetings or activities in the 
case of visiting guest speakers. Also 
include a telephone number where 
additional information may be ob- 

In all of your public relations con- 
tacts, invite interested people to join 
MUFON and subscribe to the 
MUFON UFO journal, since this is 
one of your most tangible educational 

In summation, whether we call 
these particular procedures "public 
relations" or "public education," they 
are all aimed at educating the general 
public to the scientific importance of 
understanding the UFO phenomenon 
and helping to resolve this perplexing 

SEGUIN, TX 78155 


will keep you informed of all the latest 
United States and World-Wide UFO 
activity, as it happens! Our service was 
started in 1969, at which time we con- 
tracted with a reputable international 
newspaper-clipping bureau to obtain 
for us, those hard to find UFO reports 
(i.e„ little known photographic cases, 
dose encounter and landing reports, 
occupant cases) and all other UFO 
reports, many of which are carried only 
in small town or foreign newspapers. 

"'Our UFO Newsclipping Service 
issues are 20-page monthly reports, re- 
produced by photo-offset, containing 
the latest United States and Canadian 
UFO newsclippings, with our foreign 
section carrying the latest British. 
Austra I ian , New Zealand and other 
foreign press reports. Also included is a 
3-5 page section of "Fortean" clippings 
(i.e., Bigfoot and other "monster" 
reports). Let us keep you informed of 
the latest happenings in the UFO and 
Fortean fields." 

For subscription information and 
sample pages from our service, write 
today to: 

Route I. Box 220 
Plumerville, Arkansas 72127 


Lucius Farish 

in Others’ Words 

The December 29 issue of National 
Enquirer reports that UFOs are alleged- 
ly responsible for the deaths of four 
Brazilian hunters. Two of the victims 
were found to be drained of blood. 
Mysterious underwater objects 
("phantom submarines") are the topic 
of an article in the January 5 Enquirer. 
Swedish authorities claim that 68 such 
"sub" reports have occurred in their 
territorial waters since 1975. Excerpts 
from Budd Hopkins' book, Missing 
Time , are published in the January 12 
and January 19 issues of Enquirer. The 
Virginia Horton case — one of the 
book's most fascinating reports — is 

The Star for December 29 gives an 
account of a British policeman who 
underwent hypnotic regressions to 
bring out the story of his apparent ab- 
duction by UFO entities. 

UFO researcher Lee Speigel con- 
tributes an article to the "Anti- 
Matter/UFO Update" section of 
January OMNI. Speigel's report con- 
cerns radar-visual sightings of UFOs 
over Edwards Air force Base in 
California on October 7, 1965. Up to 
one dozen UFOs were seen over a 
period of 4 Vi hours. The same section 
of the February OMNJ issue has an 
updated report on the Cash/Landrum 
UFO event which occurred near 
Dayton, Texas on December 29, 

Allan Hendry's article in the 
February issue of Fate discusses the 
controversial "star map" allegedly 
seen by Betty Hill inside a UFO in 
1961. Research by Marjorie Fish 
seemed to provide evidence that the 
Hills' captors hailed from Zeta 1 and 2 
ReticulL Hendry now asserts that a 
new astronomical technique ("speckle 
interferometry") has shown Zeta 2 
Reticuli to be a binary star system, 
supposedly eliminating it from the 
category of stars having habitable 
planets. Considering the number of 
astronomical textbooks which have 

had to be re-written in recent years 
{based largely on discoveries in our 
own solar system), it seems a bit risky 
to speculate on conditions existing in 
other planetary systems. Also, Hen- 
dry seems quite reluctant to take any 
UFO abduction cases at face value, so 
this bias must be considered in 
evaluating his writings. 

The 1896-97 "airship" reports con- 
stitute one of the more fascinating 
episodes of UFO history, as 1 can pen 
sonally attest from having read liter; 
ally hundreds of accounts from this 
period. It is unfortunate, therefore, 
that the first book to deal specifically 
with the airships is, at best, in- 
complete. If you are not familiar with 
the reports, Daniel Cohen's The Great 
Airship Mystery might prove helpful in 
providing a general background of 
the airship topic. But, to those who 
have familiarized themselves with the 
subject, the book will be something 
of a disappointment. Cohen has mere- 
ly rehashed the reports which have 
been found by various researchers, 
without having done any readily 
discernible probing of his own. in ad- 
dition, he omits pertinent details of 
several cases, while totally ignoring 
others which are fully as worthy of 

In his final summary, after rejecting 
the concepts of "secret inventors" and 
extraterrestrial visitors to explain the 
airship reports, Cohen asks, "Can all 
of the thousands upon thousands of 
people who believed that they saw an 
airship in 1896 and 1897 have been 
utterly wrong? In my view the 
answer to that is yes." White I 
disagree with Cohen's conclusion, 
that is not my major objection to the 
book. 1 only wish it had been more 
complete, with a great deal of new 
material provided by the author. The 
book is available from: Dodd-Mead, 
79 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 
10016. The price is $9.95. 

Fate magazine is one of the pioneers 

in UFO reporting, having begun 
publication in 1948, less than a year 
after Kenneth Arnold's historic 
sighting of "saucers" in the Pacific 
Northwest. The first few issues car- 
ried Arnold's report of his observa- 
tions as well as his investigations into 
other cases. Since those early years. 
Fate has carried hundreds of articles 
on all aspects of the UFO subject. 
Publisher Gray Barker has recently 
put his computer to work and has 
come up with a reference work which 
will be of considerable value to 
researchers wishing to locate specific 
Fate UFO articles. A UFO Guide to Fate 
is an 8 Vi" x 11" {printed horizontally) 
spiral-bound publication which lists 
all the articles chronologically, by 
subject, by title, by author, etc. It also 
includes a list of book reviews from 
Fate , plus lists of typical illustrations, 
UFO photographs and advertise- 
ments. All Fate issues from 1948 
through 1980 are covered in the com- 
puter project. The price for the guide 
is $32.50 and copies may be ordered 
from Barker at: Box D, Jane Lew, 
West Virginia 26378. 

Oregon Ski Area, Continued 

window of their home overlooking 
the ski bowl when she saw a saucer- 
shaped object moving very slowly 
about 200 feet over the ski bowl. It 
looked white, with a pale glow on the 
trailing edge. She then went outside 
to view it but said it gave her an eerie 
feeling: Their house cat, she said, 
went "bananas" during the sighting. 
She thought the UFO seemed larger 
than an average helicopter. It moved 
slowly through the area and disap- 
peared beyond the trees. 

(Note: Chuck Coufal's sketch shows a 
lenticular object viewed edge-on, 
with its length about 3.5 times its 



The international stature of the 
Mutual UFO Network will be reaf- 
firmed when the 1982 MUFON UFO 
Symposium is held in Toronto, On- 
tario, Canada on July 2,3, and 4 at the 
Westbury Hotel hosted by the On- 
tario group and host chairman, Henry 
H. McKay, MUFON Regional Direc* 
tor for Canada. Confirmed speakers 
are Dr J. Allen Hynek, Stanton T, 
Friedman, David Haisell, and ten- 
tative speakers Arthur Bray and 
William L, Moore. Plans are develop- 
ing for the 1982 UFO Summit 
meeting in Toronto on July 4th when 
representatives or heads of each of 
the major UFO organizations will 
meet to map a strategy plan for the 
future of UFOIogy in North America, 
utilizing the talent and cooperation of 
each organization. Please refer to the 
proposals made in the December 
1981 issue of the Journal for greater 

Michael Sinclair, International 
Coordinator, has announced the ap- 
pointment of Sidney Abrahams to be 
the MUFON Representative and 
Director for Jamaica. Mr. Abrahams is 
the Consul General for the Jamaican 
Consulate and resides at 8375 S.W. 
102 Street, Miami, FL 33156. Recom- 
mended by Norman Bean, State 
Director for Florida, Mr Abrahams 
has a B.S. (E.E.) and M.S. (Manage- 
ment) with specialized interest in 
UFO propulsion systems. Thomas M. 
Patterson, 306 Halifax St., Danville, 
VA 24540 has accepted the position 
of State Section Director for Halifax 
and Henry Counties. 

Upon the recommendation of Peter 
Rank, M.D., Consultant in Radiology, 
Howard L. Garber, Ph.D., 4813 Sher- 
wood Road, Madison, WI 53711 has 
volunteered his expertise as a Consul- 
tant in Psychology. Kenneth K. 
Pawson, 380 Capri Crescent N.W., 
Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2L 1B2 
has recently joined MUFON as a 
Research Specialist in Hypnosis and as 
a Field Investigator. 

Several UFO organizations have 
announced the formation of Amateur 
Radio Nets, however, most of them 

were never activated due to lack of 
leadership or a premature demise. 
The most successful net has been 
meeting regularly every Saturday 
morning at 1300 U.T. {0800 E.S.T., 
0700 C.S.T.) on 7237 KHz in the 
40-meter band under the direction of 
the Net Control station NlJS for over 
7 years. Joe Santangelo, Amateur 
Radio Director, Eastern Regional 
Director, and State Director for 
Massachusetts has submitted his an- 
nual report of the amateur radio sta- 
tions who have "checked into the net" 
weekly^ He was ably assisted by alter- 
nate net control stations WA3QLW, 
WA4RPU and KSNQN. W0 NC in 
St, Louis, KSNQN and W5UAA 
relayed information from the Boston 
area to WA5CTJ in San Antonio, 
Texas when conditions required. The 
following amateur radio stations have 
participated in this unique com- 
munications system: NlJS, WlZFl, 
WA0TEQ/8, KA8CCU, NlBDC, and 

In cooperation with CUFOS and 
MUFON, Fred Merritt was invited. to 
submit a new computer input form 
that could be used to enter the perti- 
nent information directly from 
MUFON Form 2 to UFOCAT. This 
has been done and it will be incor- 
porated as a new and revised Form 2 
in the third edition of the MUFON 
Field Investigator's Manual. 

Keith Basterfield, Continental 
Coordinator for Australia/New 
Zealand, has submitted his bimonthly 
report to M UFON conta in ing (1 ) 
ACUFOS Bulletins for November 
and December 1981 and January 
1982, (2) a copy of the TUFOIC 
Newsletter of October 1981, and (3) a 
list of publications available from 
ACUFOS (Australian Centre for UFO 
Studies). Mr. Basterfield is a co-editor 

of the ACUFOS Bulletin. 

Ahmad Jamaludin, Representative 
for West Malaysia, recently mailed 
MUFON the third edition of his 
privately published "Malaysian UFO 
Bulletin." It is a not-for-subscription 
biannual publication for the 
dissemination of UFO reports from 
Malaysia and Southeast Asia to major 
UFO investigative bodies. Mr. 
Jamaludin's address is Makmal 
Diagnosa, Veterinary Dept., Kuantan, 
Pahang, Malaysia. 

Anastasios D. Panos, MUFON 
Representative for Greece and 
Amateur Radio Operator SVlIG, has 
mailed two newspaper clippings from 
Greek newspapers that indicate there 
is still interest in his country in the 
UFO phenomenon. Since MUFON 
does not have a Greek translator 
readily available, Mr. Panos has 
translated the published articles to 
English. The headlines for the article 
appearing on November 15, 1981 

After Macedonia and Thessaly, Our 
skies full of . . . UFOs, Thessaloniki, 14 
For the third time lighted objects were 
sighted over Creek (air) space and the 
strange (part) is that their appearance was 
tracked by radar located on Hortiatis 

The second article datelined 
November 27, 1981 concerned a For- 
tean phenomenon. The headline read 
"Pieces of Blue Ice felt from the sky 
on the roof of a house." May we ex- 
press our appreciation to Anastasios 
for these news clippings. The address 
for Mr. Panos is P.O. Box 2563, 
Athens, Greece. He regretfully 
reports that "Phaethon," the only 
association for the research of the 
UFO phenomenon in Greece, has 
been disbanded. 

Dennis Pilichis, Box 5012, Rome, 
OH 44085 was one of the first to re- 
spond to your Director's invitation to 
both members and book dealers to 
assist in expanding MUFON's library 
of UFO and related books and pub- 
lications. He has proposed a generous 

(continued on page 18 )